Achieving win-win and common development of various ownership economies
The prosperity and huge development potential of China's economy require the participation and joint efforts of all kinds of ownership economies, and also provide a broad space for the realization of new development of all kinds of ownership economies. Central enterprises and private enterprises should learn from each other and draw lessons from each other so as to form a pattern of integrated development in which you have your own self and I have your own, so as to make new and greater contributions to the promotion of high-quality economic development in China.
In his important speech at the seminar on private enterprises, General Secretary Xi Jinping, standing at the strategic height of the overall development of the Party and the state undertakings, highly appraised the great contribution made by private economy to China's development, thoroughly analyzed the difficulties and problems existing in the development of private enterprises, reiterated his firm stand of adhering to the "two unshakable" and made support for the development of private economy. Big and important deployment. General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech provided scientific guidance and fundamental follow for state-owned enterprises to deepen cooperation with private enterprises and work together for common development.
The prosperity and development of China's economy requires the participation and joint efforts of all kinds of ownership economies.
General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly pointed out that "the basic economic system with public ownership as the main body and multi-ownership economy as the common development is an important component of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and an inevitable requirement for the improvement of the socialist market economic system", "Our Party's view on adhering to the basic economic system is clear, consistent and has never wavered." This economic system has been written into the Constitution and the Party Constitution, which will not change, nor will it change. General Secretary Xi Jinping's important exposition raised the extreme importance of adhering to the basic economic system to a new strategic level. On the important principle of adhering to the basic economic system, we must keep a clear mind, maintain strategic determination and stick to the right direction.
Since the reform and opening up, China's economy has been able to maintain rapid growth, an important reason is to establish a basic socialist economic system in line with the national conditions, and constantly develop and improve in practice. From the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China to the 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, which put forward that "the private economy is a necessary and beneficial supplement to the public economy", to the 15th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, which established "the public ownership as the main body and the common development of multi-ownership economy" as the basic economic system of the country, to the 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. The Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China has written "two unshakable" into the basic strategy of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. Our basic economic system has gradually formed, consolidated and improved.
Whether a country's economic system is superior or not depends on whether it is conducive to the development of social productive forces, the enhancement of the country's comprehensive strength and the improvement of people's living standards. China's basic economic system conforms to the characteristics of economic and social development, fully mobilizes the enthusiasm of all kinds of enterprises with ownership, greatly liberates and develops the productive forces, provides realistic conditions for China to eradicate poverty and backwardness, improve people's living standards and accelerate the realization of socialist modernization, and also provides China's programs and wisdom for promoting global economic development. In practice It fully demonstrates innovation, scientificity and superiority. It is precisely because of the guarantee of the basic economic system that the public ownership economy and the non-public ownership economy in China are highly complementary and mutually supportive, and form a complete industrial system together. Owing to historical reasons, most state-owned enterprises are in the upstream of the industrial chain, playing an important role in basic industry, heavy chemical industry and traditional manufacturing industry. Private enterprises mainly engaged in service industry and processing industry in the early stage of reform and opening up. With the increasing strength, more and more enterprises are developing to high-tech, emerging industries and other fields. Many enterprises have moved to the international level, in the industrial chain and value. Chain and state-owned enterprises more closely linked, closer cooperation.
The Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China has depicted a grand blueprint for us to win the decision to build a well-off society in an all-round way, build a strong socialist modernization country in an all-round way and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. We must always adhere to the "two unswervingly". We should not only consolidate and develop the public ownership economy, strengthen and expand the state-owned capital, but also encourage, support and guide the development of non-public ownership economy, fully stimulate the vitality of all kinds of market players, so that all kinds of ownership economy can better integrate into the great practice of building socialism with Chinese characteristics, and promote the economic and social development of the country. Strong resultant force.
China's economy has great potential for future development, which provides a vast space for all kinds of ownership economies to seize new opportunities and realize new development.
While analysing the difficulties faced by private enterprises, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that "these difficulties are difficulties in development, problems in progress and troubles in growth, which can be solved in development", "as long as we adhere to the basic economic system and implement the Party's and state policies, the private economy will surely achieve greater development" and develop our economy from the perspective of China's economic development. In terms of tenacity and potential, material basis, human capital, resource endowment and institutional advantages, this paper systematically expounds the important opportunities for future development. General Secretary Xi Jinping's important exposition has greatly inspired the spirit of private enterprises to overcome difficulties and accelerate their development, and also greatly inspired the determination and drive of state-owned enterprises and private enterprises to cope with risks and challenges and promote the economic development of our country.
China's economy is running smoothly and healthily, with huge potential for development and full of opportunities. The stage of cooperation between state-owned enterprises and private enterprises is vast and promising. According to the published economic data, China's economy is running smoothly on the whole, the main macroeconomic indicators are in line with expectations, the consumer price is basically stable, the consumer growth and economic growth are basically synchronized, the employment situation is basically stable, the new momentum is gradually growing, and the total and speed of China's economic growth is still in the forefront of the world. From the perspective of future development prospects, China is still the largest developing country in the world, still in the stage of industrialization development, there is still a lot of room for high-quality development of manufacturing industry, with great potential for economic development, strong resilience and strong stamina, which is the largest growing market; we also have a lot of room for improvement in science and technology innovation, coordinated development of urban and rural areas, and living standards of residents, such as China. The proportion of households with sanitary toilets, bathing facilities, automobiles and air conditioners per 100 households is 77.7%, 84.2% and less than 110. The number of TV sets has just broken through 120. Compared with developed countries and some developing countries with similar incomes, we still have a big gap in people's growing need for a better life. The direction of our efforts is precisely where the potential and space of China's future economic development lies.
Of course, the road to development can not be smooth sailing, different periods, different stages will encounter different difficulties and problems. At present, the international economic environment has changed significantly, and the economic growth of all countries in the world is generally weak. Many countries, including China, are facing the pressure of transformation, development and upgrading. These difficulties and challenges also exist in China and other countries, state-owned enterprises and private enterprises. Difficulties and problems are not terrible. The key is how to seize opportunities, overcome difficulties and meet challenges. In the long run, the basic aspect of China's economic development is good. The overall momentum of stabilization and improvement has not changed. The structural problems affecting the sustained and healthy development of the economy are gradually being solved. The conditions for supporting high-quality development are constantly improving. In particular, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council have reviewed the situation and issued a series of policies and measures conducive to the stable development of the economy. The results are gradually improving. Appear. China's development is still in and will remain in an important period of strategic opportunities for a long time. Accelerating the optimization and upgrading of economic structure, enhancing the ability of scientific and technological innovation, deepening reform and opening up, accelerating green development, and participating in the reform of global economic governance system will bring new opportunities to China's development. A series of important national strategic plans such as "one belt and one road", coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, the construction of Xiong an new area, Hainan's comprehensive deepening of reform and opening up, the development of the Yangtze River economic belt, the construction of the bay area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, and the integration of the Yangtze River Delta region will also provide a new impetus for the long-term healthy and stable development of our economy. State-owned enterprises and private enterprises should always insist on looking at China from the world, from the overall situation to the local and never from the present, grasp the law, seize the opportunity, and firmly believe in meeting the challenges, so that they can surely show new responsibilities and realize new development in the new era.
To achieve sustainable development, enterprises must be good at strengthening cooperation in competition and achieving win-win cooperation.
General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that "public ownership economy and non-public ownership economy should complement each other and complement each other, rather than mutually exclusive and offsetting each other", "Keeping firm, enhancing confidence and concentrating on our own affairs are the key to our response to various risks and challenges". In today's economic globalization, no matter the country or the enterprise, in order to achieve sustainable development, it is impossible to fight alone. The era of jungle and winner-take-all has passed. Only by adhering to open cooperation and mutually beneficial win-win can we achieve stable and long-term development. State-owned enterprises and private enterprises should be more open, not closed, cooperation, not confrontation, win-win and not monopoly.
Whether state-owned enterprises or private enterprises, the common attributes are enterprises, and they are all independent market subjects. Competition is inevitable. There is competition among private enterprises, between state-owned enterprises and between state-owned enterprises in the same market and field, which is the necessity of market economy. However, in the face of the tide of economic globalization, the complex and changeable international situation and the arduous task of domestic reform and development, it is the general trend to strengthen cooperation. Both state-owned enterprises and private enterprises should learn to cooperate better in competition and win more development advantages through cooperation, which is not only the need to cope with the changes in the external environment, but also the need for the development of enterprises themselves.
In recent years, with deepening reform and restructuring as the focus, central enterprises have continuously strengthened in-depth cooperation with private enterprises, forming a development pattern of division of labor and cooperation, industrial matching, complementary advantages, mutual benefit and win-win situation. From 2013 to 2018, the central enterprises attracted more than 260 billion yuan of social capital by transferring part of their equity and increasing their capital and expanding their shares through the property market, and more than 400 items such as IPO, additional issuance of holding listed companies and asset restructuring through the stock market, attracting more than 1 trillion yuan of social capital. Over 2000 of the nearly 13,000 legal persons depressed by central enterprises in the past two years have transferred their controlling rights to private enterprises. Central enterprises have also increased their investment and cooperation in high-tech, ecological environment protection and strategic emerging industries, fostering and driving a number of enterprises and promoting the competitiveness of related industries. Next, according to the requirements of high-quality development, the central enterprises will focus on the goal of "cultivating world-class enterprises with global competitiveness", take advancing the structural reform of supply side as the main line, focus on improving quality and efficiency and core competitiveness, continue to deepen enterprise reform, accelerate innovation and development, adjust and optimize the layout structure, strengthen and optimize the main industries, and constantly consolidate them. Foundation for high-quality development. In this process, the central enterprises will continue to increase cooperation with private enterprises.
At present, private enterprises, like central enterprises, are also facing the realistic needs of deepening supply-side structural reform, transformation and upgrading, and high-quality development. There are many common points of development and interests between central enterprises and private enterprises, which contain a lot of cooperation opportunities and have broad cooperation space. The SASAC of the State Council sincerely welcomes private enterprises to actively participate in the process of reform and development of central enterprises, jointly explore ways and means of deep cooperation of various ownership economies, give full play to their respective advantages, learn from each other's strengths, promote each other and develop together, and actively supports central enterprises to participate in the development of private enterprises through equity cooperation, project cooperation and other ways. We should learn from each other and form a pattern of integrated development in which you have your own self and I have your own, so as to make new and greater contributions to the promotion of high-quality economic development in our country.
Source: State-owned Xiaoxin