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The exploration and practice of general secretary Xi Jinping
Release time:2018-01-19

       Comrade Xi Jinping worked in Fujian in 1985 and worked for 17 and a half years in Xiamen, Ningde, Fuzhou and provincial provincial government of the provincial capital. In Fujian during the work, to carry out the investigation, he is committed to reform and development plan, put forward a series of scientific development in accordance with the law, and has a major move ideas forward-looking strategic, and laid a solid foundation for the development of Fujian, also left the precious thought and spiritual wealth for Fujian. In rural areas, he put forward the "spirit of poverty alleviation and development" at first Constant dripping wears away a stone. "fly", the first in the country to organize the implementation of the relocation of poverty for the benefit of the project; to organize and promote the Shanhai cooperation, min Ning aid, promote coastal and mountainous area, Eastern and Western coordinated economic and social development; the first in the country to ecological province the construction of the economic and social development, promote the sustainable use of resources in the benign. He went to the central work, always concerned with the support of Fujian, November 2014 in Fujian research pointed out that around the building to the characteristics of modern agriculture, efforts to tap new potential in improving grain production capacity, open up new ways in optimizing the structure of agriculture, to seek new breakthroughs in the transformation of agricultural development, to obtain new results in increasing farmers' income. A new step in the construction of new countryside, for the development of Fujian "three agriculture" depicts a new blueprint, put forward new requirements. In-depth study of Comrade Xi Jinping in Fujian on the "three rural" work of a series of important expositions, thinking about our current study and implement the ideas of Xi Jinping Chinese new era of socialism, it is of great significance to implement the Party Central Committee on the implementation of the strategy of revitalizing the country's major decisions and plans.

       First, the strategic ideas about the "three rural" work. Comrade Xi Jinping in the different time and different occasions, repeatedly stressed the "three rural" strategic position, attaches great importance to the basic role of agriculture, he pointed out that "agricultural businesses, agricultural failure, Xing; businesses decline; undermine agriculture and global atrophy" (August 20, 1996 in the province's Agriculture Office (sac) director conference speech), "the development of economy the more stable agriculture, strengthen the agricultural" (concluding speech at the meeting in February 10, 1998 the province's rural work on). He attaches great importance to coordinated development of urban and rural areas and new rural construction, put forward the "advance in the development of modern agriculture in the process of urbanization in rural areas must pay attention to, with particular attention to the exploration of multi-channel employment, a reasonable guide the transfer of rural labor force, promote the development of modern agriculture and urban and rural integration process organically the way" (1998 to accelerate Fujian "the pace of development of modern agriculture," ") in focus on the" five links "and" five change "and the green foundation, should pay attention to the cultivation of farmers through various forms of health, science, and fostering new habits of civilization" (November 27, 1997 speech at the Provincial Working Conference on the construction of rural well-off), agricultural development, rural prosperity will farmers' income, the overall planning to proceed, stressed that "if in the agricultural and rural economic development, collective farmers can not increase income Can not increase strength, this economic growth is of no benefit and false "(August 18, 1998 speech at the Provincial Rural Work Conference on the" double "). These years, Fujian always adhere to the rich peasants benefiting the agriculture policy is not reduced, promoting the rural comprehensive well-off society is not slack, the "three rural" work continuously made new achievements. Tea, edible fungi, aquatic products and other characteristics of industrial output in the forefront of the country, "fresh Fujian Fujian beautiful green agriculture" has become the "name card" of the farmers' income continued to grow rapidly, the income gap between urban and rural residents continued to narrow, rural residents per capita disposable income of 14999 yuan in 2016.

       Two, on the construction of modern agriculture. For Fujian rare land and agricultural characteristics of the diversity of rich resources, comrade Xi Jinping put forward Fujian to the development of agriculture, agriculture, improve agricultural developing various functions. He pointed out that "big agriculture is a multi-functional, open and comprehensive development of three-dimensional agriculture." It is different from the traditional, single, flat, flat agriculture, which is mainly concentrated in the management of cultivated land. " (1992 "out of poverty"), "according to the needs of the market, rely on science and technology, the adjustment of planting structure, vigorously develop Mingteyouxin products and green food, improve the overall efficiency of agriculture" (the government work report at the four session of nine national people's Congress of Fujian Province on February 7, 2001). He pointed out, "we can not develop modern agriculture, and we can not follow the development model of western countries". "We should actively explore a suitable, province, county situation, improve the quality of farmers rely on scientific and technological progress and, more money, and the concentrating power of modern agricultural development path" (1998 "speed up the development of modern agriculture in Fujian Province, at the same time the pace") stressed the need to play the role of various types of market players, "the development of modern agriculture alone the state-owned economy, collective economy development is not up, only to fully mobilize and play state, collective, individual, private and foreign different ownership market enthusiasm, initiative and creativity, to form a powerful force to promote the development of modern agriculture" (1998 "Fujian to speed up the development of modern agriculture, to pace") the "two hands", "must understand the market, especially to understand the market economy under the conditions of the market of agricultural products. The governments at all levels and the grass-roots organizations in rural areas should not only grasp the production and not grasp the market "(a summary speech at the rural work meeting of the province in February 10, 1998). He is always concerned and attaches great importance to the quality and safety of agricultural products in February 2001, Xinhua News Agency published the report on the foreign table pollution instructions, table pollution is a matter of people's health and life safety, the relationship between agricultural products in our province can expand the problem of the market and continuously increasing the farmers' income in China, attention should be paid. We are the first in the country, then fired the first shot of governance table pollution, in the province to carry out the construction of governance table pollution, food safety project, and in 2002 CCTV "economic half-hour" column "rectify the order of the market economy, we are in action" program, commitment to Fujian and the national audience, "in three years in the province's 23 city basically eliminating the" food table pollution ", five years in the province, the basic realization of" governance table pollution '. ." All these have pointed out the direction for the construction of the characteristic modern agriculture in Fujian. These years, Fujian vigorously develop modern agriculture with high yield, high quality, efficient, ecological and safe characteristics, promote the brand agriculture, ecological agriculture, the wisdom of agricultural development, the whole industry chain to build 7 total output value of over 100 billion yuan of advantageous industries, more than the current ten major characteristics of agricultural output accounted for 87% of gross output value of agriculture. In more than 10 years the province's food safety situation is constantly getting better, no major food safety accidents.

       Three, on poverty alleviation and development. In the 80s of last century, during his work in Ningde, comrade Xi Jinping put forward many new ideas and ideas about the work of poverty alleviation and development in rural areas. He stressed that "poverty alleviation first in finance", the poor people not of short, more uplifting rush forward, "perseverance" for a long time to work, there must be "the spirit of poverty alleviation; Constant dripping wears away a stone." to identify the path, "to make the weak birds fly first, fly, fly high, must explore a according to the path of economic development" (1992 "out of poverty"). In April 1996, the Fujian provincial Party committee Comrade Xi Jinping to work in half a year has more than 50 days to 9 ground (city) 42 different types of county (city, district) more than 60 townships of research, he said in a research report, "poverty alleviation and well-off society, achieve the goal of common prosperity is the two run parallel and promote each other tasks from the system to study a way", "to formulate economic policy measures necessary to support the poor, poor counties, township (including st) economic development, to enhance the ability of self-development in poor county". He attaches great importance to the implementation and effectiveness of poverty alleviation measures, he stressed that "poverty county, township to the target task of poverty alleviation into poor villages and poor households", "village door to develop poverty alleviation program, a village a village, a household in a household to continue to implement the limited manpower, use of material and financial resources to focus on poverty village poor households out of poverty, truly" really poor, help the poor "(concluding remarks in November 14, 1996 in the province working conference on poverty alleviation and development in rural areas and the construction of well-off society"), getting rid of poverty is a power in the interest of future generations Albert, only down to earth, do solid work, in order to achieve stand the history and practice of Inspection achievement "(May 5, 1998 in the province's rural work well offpoverty 2010expo speech). During his work in Fujian, to explore the practical ways and means of poverty alleviation and development, solve the "cottages" and "continuous ship" problem, for the benefit of the project organization and implementation of innovation, has formed a set of effective measures for poverty alleviation and development, Fujian has become the birthplace of his "precise poverty, precise poverty alleviation thought. In the 23 consecutive years, Fujian has put the "benefit project" in the provincial and provincial governments as a private practical project. By the year 2017, more than 7000 villages have been relocated, supporting more than 3400 centralized resettlement sites. Since 2010, the province's poverty alleviation object declined from 1 million 400 thousand to 4000 at present, by 2020, the province set the current national standard of poverty alleviation of poverty will be out of poverty, 23 provincial key counties for poverty alleviation and 2201 poor villages will be zhaimao.

  

       Four, on soil erosion control and ecological construction. Comrade Xi Jinping is very concerned about the ecological environment and sustainable development, he has 5 times to Changting research, Changting "soil erosion control and ecological agriculture" (New Year's day in 1998 for soil erosion in Changting inscription), "go grab perseverance, seriously sum up experience, to play the role of the province's soil and water conservation demonstration" (October 13, 2001 Changting research in soil erosion control work of the speech). At the turn of the century, he proposed the strategic concept of "ecological province" construction. In 2001, he set up the leading group on ecological construction of Fujian province. He was the leader of the construction of the ecological province. He stressed that "the construction of Ecological Province, vigorously improve the ecological environment, is a strategic measure to promote sustainable economic and social development in our province, it is a benefit, the benefit of future generations of the contemporary grand project (" government work report of the five meeting of the nine national people's Congress of Fujian Province on January 23, 2002), proposed to "through the construction of Ecological Province as the carrier, the transformation of economic the mode of growth, improve the comprehensive utilization of resources and maintenance of ecological benign cycle, ecological security, and strive to create" the development of production, affluent life and a good ecological environment, the beautiful home dedication to the masses of the people, the green mountains and rivers for future generations "(August 25, 2002 in" Fujian ecological province construction demonstrates the overall plan "meeting speech). The discussion and practice of Comrade Xi Jinping, the scientific answer to the ecological environment protection and how to protect why other major strategic issues, including respect for nature, to seek harmony between man and nature values and development concepts, as we pointed out the direction to promote the construction of ecological civilization. Over the years, Fujian in accordance with Comrade Xi Jinping to draw on the ecological province construction blueprint and to protect Fujian's ecological environment is good, let people feel the city beautiful environment "(Comrade Xi Jinping pointed out that in September 2010 to visit Fujian) requirements, adhere to green development concept, strengthening the management of afforestation and soil erosion, livestock aquaculture pollution control, chemical fertilizer and pesticide use zero growth reduction operations, improve the compensation mechanism for ecological protection, the full implementation of the long river system, Fujian has become the first national ecological civilization pilot area approved by the central government, the whole province, the forest coverage rate reached 65.95%, ranking first in the country, the ecological environment quality of water, air, keep straight.

       Five, to promote the construction of a new socialist countryside. In the early 90s, comrade Xi Jinping proposed "the village renovation and building a new socialist countryside, is the symbol of the rural economic and social development, but also an important way to change the backwardness in rural areas, is a direct reflection of rural well-off construction achievements" (November 27, 1997 speech at the Provincial Working Conference on the construction of rural well-off, emphasize) rural construction is a systematic project, should pay attention to the planning and construction, deal with four relations: high starting point planning and phased implementation, building new, modified, and the relationship between the old renovation, construction of hardware and software, the government guide and mobilize the masses of the relationship (November 27, 1997 in the province's rural work conference speech on the construction of a well-off society). According to the construction of rural collective economy is weak problem, he asked: asset verification to organize and promote the creation of the effective way of entity, entity, do rely on the accumulation of around service entity, based on resources, entities share cooperation entities, strengthen the collective economy (1996 "the province's rural well-off construction investigation report"). Comrade Xi Jinping's discussion and practice is a correct understanding of the value of rural construction in the process of industrialization and urbanization. It is a preliminary exploration of the major strategic issues such as the integration of urban and rural development and the way of new rural construction that is in line with China's reality. Over the years, Fujian vigorously promote urban and rural balanced allocation of public resources and the equalization of basic public services, continue to organize the implementation of the "year of Wanli" rural road network project, rural water conservancy project of "six thousand", "rural home cleaning action" and a series of Huimin engineering and project, promote the beautiful countryside construction. At present, the province's rural road, hardening of safe drinking water, 3G signal and 20M broadband coverage, 87% villages and towns built MSW transfer system, 65% administrative villages take garbage "village collection, transit Town, county handling" urban and rural integration mode, rural production and living conditions continue to improve.

       Six, on promoting coordinated regional development. Comrade Xi Jinping pointed out, "narrow the development gap between the coastal and mountainous regions, promoting the coordinated development of the coastal and mountainous areas, is the inevitable requirement of all-round well-off society" (May 5, 1998 in the province's rural work well offpoverty 2010expo speech) in Fujian mountain area along the sea, the problem of unbalanced development, proposed to promote cooperation in the development of mountain and sea. To narrow the gap between the mountain and the coastal area "(October 29, 1998 speech at the nine plenary session of the six session of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee on), realize the coordinated development of regional economy, improve the comprehensive strength of the province. Comrade Xi Jinping personally promote Aboriginal collaboration, the establishment of the province's Aboriginal collaboration joint conference system and served as convener, the establishment of the province's Aboriginal collaboration aid system, and stressed that "coastal and mountainous regions should establish the" chess "thought" (April 7, 1999 speaking at the first Aboriginal collaboration joint meeting). He also called for "mountain and coastal regions should give full play to their own advantages, identify the economic development focus and breakthrough point, relying on their own strength, seize opportunities, accelerate the development of its own", "mutual help form a new pattern of economic development together" (May 5, 1998 in the province of rural poverty alleviation work in well-off society 2010expo speech). He attaches great importance to cooperation between the East and West, April 1997 in Ningxia, Guyuan study pointed out that "Min Ning counterparts collaboration of poverty alleviation is a political task, we must resolutely finish, put forward the construction of Fujian Ning village, suggested a pilot, fight with the significance of the Fujian Ningxia cooperation model demonstration village," to encourage enterprises in our province to invest in Ningxia and other Midwest industrial, to achieve "East-West cooperation, complementary advantages, long-term cooperation and common development" purposes "(concluding speech at the meeting in February 10, 1998 the province's rural work on). Comrade Xi Jinping's comment reflects the global positioning "chess" development thought, has a strong guiding significance to promote rational distribution and coordinated development of the regional economy and achieve common prosperity. Over the years, Fujian continued to promote Aboriginal collaboration, every year the implementation of a number of Aboriginal collaboration projects, completed a total of 27 Aboriginal collaboration to build industrial park, effectively promote the coastal industrial transfer to the mountain mountain gradient, the rational allocation of labor to the coast, realize the coordinated development of the mountainous area and the coastal. Fujian Ningxia cooperation over the past 20 years, the two provinces Party committee and government in accordance with the "joint promotion, twinning, industry driven, mutual learning mutual aid, social participation" Min Ning counterparts poor coordination mechanism, promote the overall development of the work, build to solve poverty as the key to the Food Industry Association as the basis of mutual benefit and linkage the development of the work, from the implementation of the "blood transfusion" to "blood", from one-way to poverty alleviation, economic cooperation, mutual benefit and win-win industrial docking, major changes, the formation of the government, enterprises and society to participate in the "Fujian Ning mode", become the country's poverty alleviation collaboration model.

       Seven, on the deepening of rural reform. Comrade Xi Jinping pointed out that "the revolution is to liberate the productive forces, so doesreform" (August 20, 1996 in the province's Agriculture Office (SAC) director conference speech), and stressed that "in the development of modern agriculture, we must unswervingly implement the central policy on long-term stability on the basis of household contract management system by the combination of the two-tier management system" (1998 "Fujian to speed up the development of modern agriculture, to solve the problem of" pace) system in agricultural and rural development, he proposed to implement the joint-stock cooperative system, deepening the rural property right system reform, promote the rural decentralized optimal combination of production factors, cultivation and construction of various types of market players "(August 20, 1996 in the province's Agriculture Office (SAC) director the speech in the meeting), pointed out that" the establishment of national, collective and farmer cooperative organization and its combined service The system is one of the key points for deepening the reform of rural areas "(speech at the rural work conference in the province in January 22, 1999). He carried out in-depth research, summed up the promotion of Nanping selected cadres residency experience, stressed that "to create a new situation in agriculture and rural development, must be on the basis of inheritance and innovation of rural working mechanism, strengthen the construction of rural work from various aspects of leadership, objectives and tasks, operation mode and management system" ("Fujian Province in 2002 Nanping city to rural selected cadres investigation and thinking"). He attaches great importance to rural collective forest right system reform, to promote the pilot, in June 2002 survey of Longyan Wuping County agricultural and rural work stressed that the forest reform is the right direction, the key is to keep his feet on the ground to move forward, so that people really benefit. The reform of the collective forest rights system should move from the mountain to the mountain like the household contract responsibility system. He is very concerned about the development of supply and marketing cooperatives, called the global position of the supply and marketing cooperatives reform on deepening the rural reform of the overall consideration, it truly become the ownership of business collective farmers, to play its unique role in the rural commodity circulation "(1996" the province's rural well-off construction investigation report "). These statements of Comrade Xi Jinping have pointed out the direction for the deepening of the rural reform in Fujian. For many years, Fujian has persisted in deepening rural reform and innovation as an important starting point to push forward the development of agriculture and rural areas. In accordance with the requirements of the coordinated development of urban and rural areas and the "four modernizations synchronization", we have been pushing forward all reforms in rural areas. The experience of the reform of rural collective forest right system originated in Wuping County, making an important contribution to the reform of collective forest right system, Wuping County is known as "the first national forest county". Since the eighteen Party's great reform, Fujian rural financial system, the precise poverty alleviation mechanism and the rural property rights system have made significant breakthroughs. The national level rural reform pilot area has achieved remarkable results, and a number of reform test results have provided an important basis for the central decision-making.

       Eight, to strengthen the construction of the rural party in an all-round way. Comrade Xi Jinping attaches great importance to the construction of rural party, pointed out that "the rural grass-roots organizations of the party in rural work and combat, but also maintain the development of agriculture and rural economy and social stability in rural areas to ensure that the organization" (January 22, 1999 speech at Zhejiang provincial rural work conference, the ") to strengthen the construction of village organization as a fundamental measures for the construction of rural well-off to catch" (1996 "the province's rural well-off construction investigation report"), to strengthen the party's grassroots organizations fighting force and the development ability, "the guiding ideology, organization guarantee that Party organizations in rural areas can really stand to the front of the socialist construction, really is" first-line "and effectively play the core role of the party" (1992 "out of poverty"). He vigorously promoted the adjustment of unfit, uncoordinated and unsound "three non" groups and the implementation of the party's "Fortress project". The discussion and practice of Comrade Xi Jinping, answer to strengthen party construction in rural areas and the necessity of great strategic significance, is the rural Party construction, grass-roots organizations to strengthen the management, innovation and promotion, Fujian is to strengthen rural party, enhance the level of rural governance of the precious wealth. Over the years, Fujian continue to strengthen the Party Construction in rural areas, continue to implement the "168" of rural grassroots party building work mechanism, "six must" work for the masses and village cadres to serve the people doing the work of the masses system, select the five batch of 18 thousand cadres to the party organization as first Secretary of poor village, the full implementation of the protection of village organization the operation of funds, to provide a strong organizational guarantee for the success of the "three rural" work.


       General secretary Xi Jinping's thought of agriculture, rural areas and farmers is rooted in practice and rooted in grass roots. It answers many important theoretical and practical problems in the development of agriculture, rural areas and farmers. We should further study and implement the general secretary Xi Jinping's Thoughts on agriculture, countryside and farmers. We should arm Xi Jinping's thought of "three rural issues" and guide the practice of rural revitalization, so as to make new contributions to the construction of new Fujian with "mechanism, industry, quality, people's wealth and ecological beauty".

       Source: People's daily


Part One:The people's livelihood chairman Wang Xiaojia research in Gaocheng Part two:Chairman Wang Xiaojia's investigation to Gaocheng in Hebei
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