How to break the bottleneck of poverty
Bring happiness water, repair Huimin Road, get rich and connect to smart network.
"I would like to thank the Sinopec in my heart. With the help of Sinopec, the roads in the village have been opened, and drinking water has been brought in. " Gansu province Dongxiang County Gaoshan Township bleng Gou village villager Na Xi said. In the past, Ma Wai Na and the villagers could only pull by car, donkey, and back on their backs.
Water, road, electricity, network, is a necessary element to achieve a better life, but there are still some poor areas of poverty, no water, no road, lack of electricity, lack of network, and become the "poor root" of local poverty. The central enterprises have natural advantages in making up for the shortage of infrastructure in the poor areas and eliminating bottlenecks in development. In recent years, the central enterprises have given full play to the expertise of enterprises, aiming at the "poor roots" to prescribe the right medicine, and create favorable conditions for the poor areas to get rid of poverty and become rich.
--It leads to happy water. In Gansu, the World Health Organization (Sinopec) undertook the overall continuous poverty alleviation and development task of the Bu Leng gully basin in Dongxiang County, invested 49 million 670 thousand yuan in funds, implemented a batch of human drinking projects, changed the history of water loss in the Sheng Leng Valley, and built a safe drinking water project for the National Electric Power Investment Group in Sichuan's Mei Gu County, helping to solve the local 2500 villagers. The problem of drinking water.
--To repair Huimin road. China exchange group cohesive traffic Poverty Alleviation: in Yunnan, the construction of the Nu River ferry bridge, the initial design of the total cost of about 104 million yuan; in Xinjiang, investment 63 million yuan to build the designated poverty alleviation County of the Shaxian County tourism district highway. The construction of Chinese architecture is also actively promoting the construction of Huimin Road: in Gansu, the two phase of G341 line, silver Zhongchuan - Yongdeng highway, 25 billion 800 million yuan of total investment, the G312 line Qingshui post - bitterwater section and the G109 line zhonghekou highway reconstruction project, effectively solved the problem of the insufficient development of the infrastructure infrastructure in the poor areas.
--get rich electricity. "Rural poverty alleviation, electric power first", State Grid and Southern Power Grid continue to strengthen the construction of power grid in deep poverty areas: 750 thousand volt power grid continues to extend to southern Xinjiang; large power grid coverage is expanded to 62 counties in Tibet; Qinghai Tibetan area basically forms a "one horizontal three longitudinal" 750 thousand volt backbone network frame; the main network frame of Gansu and Sichuan Tibetan area is further Perfect.
The State Grid has also completed the village electric power task ahead of schedule. Li Yongan, a village in Yongan village in Dingxi, Gansu, said that the village was only illuminated, and the electric power was insufficient. The hay cutter could not be turned up. After the power of the village, the grass could be used to hay the sheep at any time. According to the introduction, the village and village power electrical engineering investment of 21 billion 250 million yuan, to achieve the 78 thousand natural villages power and capacity improvement, of which 36 thousand and 300 poor villages, 1879 in poor areas, benefiting 9 million 723 thousand people, thoroughly solving the problems of power supply in poor areas, and injecting "new power" to poverty relief in the poor areas.
--Even the net of wisdom.
Some poverty-stricken areas have remote geographical location,
scattered households, the level of information development is relatively
lagging, and the "digital divide" in urban and rural areas has been
widening, which hinders the pace of poverty reduction in poor areas.
China Mobile, China Unicom, China Telecom increase network investment,
the "information highway" into the poor areas, so that the people in
poor areas can be used, affordable and good information network
China Telecom only invested 4 billion 820 million yuan in Xinjiang,
Tibet, Qinghai and Sichuan, Yunnan and Gansu provinces in 2017 for
network construction, optimization and upgrading.
At present, the network coverage and information level in Xinjiang,
Tibet and some Tibetan areas are basically the same as those in eastern
and central China.
Where does the poverty alleviation fund come from
The industrial investment fund of the central enterprises in poverty-stricken areas has reached 15 billion 400 million yuan, attracting more than 100 billion yuan of social capital.
The word "money" is not open to the poverty alleviation. Besides central enterprises, what is the best way to raise funds for poverty alleviation?
The operation platform of the poverty alleviation capital is a good idea.
In the poor areas, there are often problems of financing, financing, and slow financing. The central enterprises creatively create a platform for the operation of the poverty alleviation capital, guide and drive all kinds of capital to the poor areas, especially in the poverty-stricken areas with the state-owned capital, and explore a market-oriented means to realize the poor areas and the impoverished population. It is an effective way to establish poverty alleviation and permanent poverty alleviation. " Hao Peng, Party Secretary of the state owned assets supervision and Administration Commission, said.
The most typical example is the industrial investment fund of the central enterprises in poor areas jointly funded by the SASAC and jointly funded by the central enterprises. After two phases of fund-raising, all central enterprises are involved in capital contribution. As of the end of April this year, the scale reached 15 billion 400 million yuan, totaling 45 investment projects, with a total investment of 9 billion 200 million yuan, attracting more than 100 billion yuan of social capital. The investment scope of the fund covers all 14 concentrated areas of special difficulties. Among them, 1 billion 440 million yuan has been invested in the "three districts and three states", and it is expected that 12 thousand poor people will be able to get rid of poverty and become rich.
All kinds of poverty alleviation funds are like the source of living water, moistening the industry in poor areas. China invested 800 million yuan to participate in the establishment of China's first market-oriented poverty alleviation fund for industrial development, the Industrial Development Fund in poor areas. The fund and pastoral shares together in 55 poverty-stricken counties in the country to build a pig breeding base, and the Shennong herb in the Hui Shui county to build Chinese herbal medicine processing plant, and the Zhongtian medicine industry in Gansu to build Chinese herbal medicine storage and processing base. The national energy group has set up a green ecological protection poverty alleviation fund to guide all kinds of social resources to jointly support the development of deep and poor areas, not only to protect the ecological environment, but also to promote the realization of employment and poverty alleviation through the employment of the poor households as the Rangers. The Chinese architecture and Gansu Province jointly set up the Silk Road Traffic Development Fund, cooperate to build the infrastructure investment and financing platform, stimulate the social investment, and accelerate the improvement of the traffic infrastructure in the poor areas.
Trust poverty is a new way.
The national investment group, the CBRC and the China Trust Industry Association tried the innovation and cooperation mechanism of "charitable trusts + cooperatives + farmers", and jointly set up "the Taikang trust of Gansu Lintao Industrial Trust for the poverty alleviation of industry in Gansu", and the trust funds, as a debt support, set up the production base of the lily of Lintao, and directly helped the 130 poor households to build a file. A total of 2600 households were encouraged to grow lilies. At the same time, debt interest is returned to the trust scheme on a yearly basis, directly supporting 20 poor households with no working ability, with a household average of 2000 yuan / year.
The income of industrial poverty alleviation projects can also help poor areas achieve capital accumulation.
The central enterprises of the State Grid, the southern power grid, China Huaneng, China China power, China Datang, national electric investment, state energy group and Dongfang Electric are all involved in the fixed point photovoltaic poverty alleviation project, helping the local poverty alleviation through the revenue of the photovoltaic power station. Only the State Grid invested 703 million yuan in the five counties of Hubei and Qinghai, where the poverty alleviation was fixed. The 77 thousand kilowatt photovoltaic power station was built, and more than 6000 yuan of poverty alleviation income was generated each year. All of them were used in the poor village of filing Li card and the poverty alleviation of the poor, and more than 10 millions of poor people were steadily increased.
How to choose the poverty alleviation industry
Informatization to bridging, specialization to upgrade, professionalism to help
Repair the road, raise money, how to choose the poverty alleviation industry? The central enterprises give full play to the advantages of the enterprises in the industry, make suggestions for the poor areas, solve practical problems in the light of local conditions, and truly help the poor to help them to the roots.
Informatization to bridge, to get rid of the obstruction of poverty alleviation.
There are good products on the snowy plateau, which have not sold well before, and can not sell a good price. Relying on the "I buy the net" platform under the group's banner, the COFCO capital sold 30 thousand jin of Tibet county's quinoa and other characteristic products, which realized the docking of local farmers' industrial resources and Internet users, and promoted the increase of farmers' income. The "agricultural technology treasure" of the China Telecom's ynong platform has covered 26 provinces and 1804 counties. The platform of "Yong agriculture service" has covered 556 counties and 8 million 610 thousand households, with a cumulative turnover of more than 10 billion yuan.
Specialization should be upgraded to integrate local characteristics with industry poverty alleviation.
China Tourism Group has deeply excavated tourism resources and promoted the "five one" project of tourism poverty alleviation in Mabian county and Leibo County: compile a group of tourism planning, train a tourism management team, cultivate a special tourist route, create a 4A scenic area, promote and develop a batch of agricultural by-products.
Professionalism helps to promote one person's employment and help the whole family out of poverty.
In Gansu, China has invested 3 million yuan each year with the local "training class for senior skilled personnel", which has carried out academic education and skills training for more than 100 poor family students and offered jobs. In cooperation with local labor companies, more than 8000 migrant workers in Gansu have been recruited every year to widen the employment canal of the poor people. Avenue。