The Central Economic Work Conference was held in Beijing from 18 to 20 December. Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Li Keqiang, Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Premier of the State Council, Zhang Gaoli, Vice Premier of the State Council, Li Zhanshu, Wang Yang, Wang Huning, Zhao Lejie and Han Zheng of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee attended the meeting.
Xi Jinping made an important speech at the meeting, summarized the economic development process of our country since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, analyzed the current economic situation, and deployed economic work in 2018. In his speech, Li Keqiang made specific plans for economic work next year and made a concluding speech.
The meeting held that since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China's economic development has made historic achievements and made historic changes, providing important material conditions for reform and development in other fields. Economic strength has risen to a new level, with an average annual growth rate of 7.1%. It has become the main driving force [stock review] and stabilizer of world economic growth. Significant changes have taken place in the economic structure, promoting structural reform on the supply side and promoting the balance between supply and demand. Economic restructuring has continued to advance, and the economy has become more dynamic and resilient. Further development of opening up, advocating and promoting the construction of "one belt and one road", and actively guiding the development of economic globalization in the right direction. People's sense of attainment and well-being has increased markedly, decisive progress has been made in the battle against poverty, and the equalization of basic public services has continuously improved, forming the middle-income group with the largest population in the world. The situation of the ecological environment has improved markedly. The determination, strength and effect of promoting the construction of ecological civilization are unprecedented. The action of preventing and controlling air, water and soil pollution has achieved remarkable results.
The meeting pointed out that over the past five years, we have successfully mastered the overall situation of China's economic development by insisting on the overall situation, seeking the overall situation and doing practical work. In practice, we have formed Xi Jinping's socialist economic thought with Chinese characteristics in the new era, with new development concept as its main content. We insist on strengthening the Party's centralized and unified leadership of economic work to ensure that China's economy develops in the right direction; adhere to the people-centered development idea, which runs through the overall layout of the "five in one" and the coordinated promotion of the "four comprehensive" strategic layout; adhere to adapting to the new normal conditions leading economic development, based on the overall situation, grasp the law; and insist on making the market in the overall situation; The allocation of resources plays a decisive role in better playing the role of the government and resolutely removing the obstacles of the system and mechanism of economic development; adhering to the main contradictions and changes in China's economic development, perfecting macro-control, making opportunistic choices, prescribing prescriptions accurately, and taking the promotion of structural reform on the supply side as the main line of economic work; adhering to the problem-oriented deployment of new economic development strategies, so as to promote China's economic and social Change has a far-reaching impact; adhere to the correct working strategies and methods, strive for progress steadily, maintain strategic stability, adhere to the bottom line thinking, and move forward step by step. Xi Jinping's socialist economic thought with Chinese characteristics in the new era is the theoretical crystallization of the practice of promoting China's economic development in the past five years, the latest achievement of socialist political economy with Chinese characteristics, and the precious spiritual wealth of the Party and the country. It must be persisted in for a long time and continuously enriched and developed.
The meeting held that socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era and China's economic development has entered a new era. The basic feature is that China's economy has changed from a stage of rapid growth to a stage of high-quality development. Promoting high-quality development is an inevitable requirement for sustained and healthy economic development, for adapting to the changes of major social contradictions, for building a well-off society in an all-round way and for building a socialist modern country in an all-round way, and for following economic laws. Promoting high-quality development is the fundamental requirement for defining development ideas, formulating economic policies and implementing macro-control at present and in the future. We must accelerate the formation of index system, policy system, standard system, statistical system, performance evaluation and performance appraisal to promote high-quality development, create and improve the institutional environment, and promote the continuous achievement of high-quality development of our economy. New progress.
The meeting pointed out that 2018 is the beginning of the implementation of the spirit of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Party, the fortieth anniversary of reform and opening up, and the key year to succeed in building a well-off society in an all-round way and carrying out the 13th Five-Year Plan. To do a good job in next year's economic work, we should fully implement the spirit of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Party, take Xi Jinping's socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era as the guide, strengthen the Party's leadership of economic work, adhere to the general tone of steady progress, adhere to new development concepts, keep abreast of the major contradictions and changes in our society, and comprehensively promote the overall layout and coordination of "five in one" in accordance with the requirements of high-quality development. Promoting the strategic layout of the "Four Overall" strategy, adhering to the supply-side structural reform as the main line, promoting steady growth, promoting reform, restructuring, benefiting people's livelihood and preventing risks, vigorously promoting reform and opening up, innovating and improving macro-control, promoting quality change, efficiency change and power change, and laying a solid foundation for preventing and resolving major risks, accurately shaking off poverty and preventing pollution. We have made solid progress in the war, guided and stabilized expectations, strengthened and improved people's livelihood, and promoted sustained and healthy economic and social development.
The meeting emphasized that the general tone of steady and progressive work is an important principle of governing the country and government, and should be adhered to for a long time. "Stability" and "progress" are dialectical unity. We should grasp the rhythm and strength of work as a whole. We should coordinate all policies and strengthen policy coordination. Active fiscal policy orientation remains unchanged, fiscal expenditure structure is adjusted and optimized, support for key areas and projects is ensured, general expenditure is reduced, and local government debt management is effectively strengthened. Steady monetary policy should maintain neutrality, control the general gate of money supply, maintain the reasonable growth of monetary credit and social financing, maintain the basic stability of RMB exchange rate at a reasonable and balanced level, promote the healthy development of multi-level capital market, better serve the real economy, and keep the bottom line of no systemic financial risk. Structural policies should play a greater role in enhancing the attractiveness and competitiveness of the real economy, optimizing the allocation of resources in stock, strengthening the drive of innovation, giving full play to the basic role of consumption, and promoting effective investment, especially the rational growth of private investment. Social policy should focus on resolving livelihood issues, actively respond to the concerns of the masses, strengthen basic public services, strengthen basic livelihood security, and resolve social contradictions in a timely manner. Reform and opening-up should be strengthened, and the pace of economic restructuring should be quicker. We should focus on improving the property rights system and market-oriented allocation of factors, and make new breakthroughs in the reform of key basic areas. We will open wider to the outside world, greatly relax market access and accelerate the formation of a new pattern of comprehensive opening up.
According to the requirements of the Nineteenth National Congress of the CPC, the conference decided that in the next three years, we should focus on the three major battles of prevention and resolution of major risks, precise poverty alleviation and pollution prevention, in order to win a well-off society in an all-round way. We should focus on preventing and controlling financial risks, serve the main line of structural reform on the supply side, promote the formation of a virtuous circle within the financial and real economy, finance and real estate, and financial system, do a good job in risk prevention and disposal in key areas, resolutely crack down on illegal and irregular financial activities, and strengthen the construction of weak links supervision system. In order to fight against poverty accurately, we must ensure the quality of Poverty Alleviation under the current standards, neither lowering the standards nor suspending high appetite, aiming at the specific poor people to help them accurately, focusing on the deep poverty-stricken areas, stimulating the endogenous power of the poor population, and strengthening the examination and supervision. In order to reduce the total amount of major pollutants discharged and improve the overall ecological environment quality, we should focus on winning the battle of defending the blue sky, adjusting the industrial structure, eliminating backward production capacity, adjusting the energy structure, increasing energy conservation efforts and assessment, and adjusting the transport structure.
The meeting pointed out that eight key tasks should be done well around promoting high-quality development. First, deepen the structural reform of the supply side. We need to promote the transformation from Made-in-China to Creative-in-China, from the speed of China to the quality of China, and from a big manufacturing country to a powerful manufacturing country. Deepening the reform of market-oriented allocation of factors should focus on "breaking", "standing" and "falling". Vigorously eliminate ineffective supply, take the disposal of "zombie enterprises" as an important grasp to promote the resolution of excess capacity; vigorously cultivate new momentum, strengthen scientific and technological innovation, promote the optimization and upgrading of traditional industries, cultivate a number of innovative leading military enterprises, actively promote the in-depth development of civil-military integration; vigorously reduce the real economic costs, reduce institutional transaction costs, and continue to clean up the involvement. Enterprises charge fees, increase the investigation and treatment of arbitrary charges, deepen the reform of electric power, oil and gas, railways and other industries, and reduce the cost of energy use and logistics.
The second is to stimulate the vitality of all kinds of market players. We should promote the development of state-owned capital, improve the reform plan of state-owned enterprises, speed up the transformation of the functions of state-owned assets regulatory agencies around the management of capital, and reform the authorized management system of state-owned capital. Strengthen the leadership and construction of the Party in state-owned enterprises, promote the improvement of the modern enterprise system in state-owned enterprises, and improve the corporate governance structure. We should support the development of private enterprises, implement policies to protect property rights, and screen and correct cases of property rights disputes that are strongly reflected by society according to law. Fully implement and continuously improve the negative list system of market access, eliminate discriminatory restrictions and hidden obstacles, and accelerate the construction of new pro-Qing political and commercial relations.
The third is to implement the strategy of rural revitalization. Strategic plans for Rural Revitalization should be formulated scientifically. We will improve the system and mechanism of urban-rural integration and development, and remove obstacles that hinder factors from going to the countryside. We should promote structural reform of the agricultural supply side, adhere to the principle of promoting agriculture by quality and green, and shift agricultural policy from the orientation of increasing production to the orientation of improving quality. We will deepen the reform of the grain storage system, better reflect market demand and supply, and expand the pilot rotation and fallow farming system.
Fourth, implement the strategy of regional coordinated development. In order to achieve the equalization of basic public services, the accessibility of infrastructure is relatively balanced, and people's living standards are roughly the same. The coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei should focus on unblocking Beijing's non-capital functions, maintain a reasonable occupational structure, and work out a good plan for Xiongan New Area with a high starting point and high quality. Promoting the development of the Yangtze River Economic Zone should be led by giving priority to ecology and green development. We should focus on the construction of "one belt and one road", innovate the way of foreign investment, and promote trade development and industrial development with investment. Support the improvement of production and living conditions in old revolutionary areas, ethnic minority areas, border areas and poor areas. We will promote the development of the western region, accelerate the revitalization of old industrial bases such as the Northeast, promote the rise of the central region, and support the eastern region to take the lead in promoting high-quality development. Scientific planning for the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan District. We will improve the quality of urban agglomerations, promote the networking of large, medium and small cities, enhance the attractiveness and carrying capacity of agricultural population transfer, and accelerate the pace of household registration system reform. To guide the healthy development of characteristic towns.
Fifth, we should promote the formation of a new pattern of comprehensive opening-up. In order to further expand the scope and level of openness, we should further expand the ideological concept, structural layout and institutional mechanism of openness. We should systematically relax market access, comprehensively implement the management model of national treatment plus negative list before entry, continue to streamline negative list, and improve relevant laws on foreign investment, and strengthen intellectual property protection. Promoting trade balance, paying more attention to improving export quality and added value, actively expanding imports and lowering import tariffs for some products. We will vigorously develop trade in services. We will continue to promote the pilot reform of free trade pilot zones. Effective guidance and support for foreign investment.
Sixth, we should improve the level of people's livelihood. We should take precise measures to solve the problems concerned by the people, and focus on solving the outstanding problems of extra-curricular burden of primary and secondary school students, "school choice fever" and "large class size", so as to solve the problems of infant care and early childhood education services. Emphasis should be laid on solving the structural employment contradiction and solving the problems of gender discrimination and identity discrimination. We will reform and improve the basic old-age insurance system and accelerate the overall planning of old-age insurance throughout the country. We will continue to solve the problem of "difficult and expensive medical treatment" and encourage social funds to enter the fields of pension and medical treatment. Efforts should be made to solve such prominent problems as online fraud of false information and reselling personal information. To do a good job of people's livelihood, we should highlight the problem orientation, do our best and do our best, find out the outstanding problems and their crux, and plan carefully and operate carefully.
Seventh, we should accelerate the establishment of a housing system featuring multi-stakeholder supply, multi-channel security and simultaneous rent and purchase. We need to develop the housing rental market, especially long-term leasing, protect the legitimate rights and interests of rental stakeholders, and support the development of specialized and institutionalized housing rental enterprises. Improve the long-term mechanism to promote the steady and healthy development of the real estate market, maintain the continuity and stability of the real estate market regulation policy, distinguish the central and local powers, and implement differential regulation.
Eighth, accelerate the construction of ecological civilization. Only by restoring green waters and mountains can green waters and mountains be transformed into Jinshan and Yinshan. Major projects for ecological protection and restoration identified in the 13th Five-Year Plan should be well implemented. Start large-scale land greening operations, guide state-owned enterprises, private enterprises, foreign enterprises, collectives, individuals, social organizations and other aspects of capital investment, cultivate a number of specialized enterprises specializing in ecological protection and restoration. Deeply implement the "Ten Articles on Water" and comprehensively implement the "Ten Articles on Earth". We will speed up the reform of the ecological civilization system, improve the property rights system of natural resources assets, study and establish a market-oriented and diversified ecological compensation mechanism, and reform the ecological environment supervision system.
The meeting emphasized that we should fully mobilize the initiative of all officials to start a business and do a good job in economic work in a strong and orderly manner. We should innovate and improve macro-control, implement positive fiscal policy and sound monetary policy, improve the coordination mechanism of economic policy, and maintain economic operation in a reasonable range. We will firmly promote the structural reform of the supply side, promote the sustained and rapid growth of new momentum, accelerate the optimization and upgrading of manufacturing industry, continue to do a good job of "three go, one fall and one subsidy", and deepen the reform of simplification and decentralization of government, combination of decentralization and optimization of services. We will accelerate the construction of an innovative country, promote new progress in major scientific and technological innovations, and promote entrepreneurship among the public and innovation among all. We will intensify reforms in key areas and links, create a favorable environment to support the development of private enterprises, and deepen reforms in state-owned enterprises, state-owned assets, finance and other fields. Implementing the strategy of Rural Revitalization to stimulate the new vitality of regional development. We will ensure that significant progress has been made in the prevention and resolution of major risks, and intensify efforts to eliminate poverty accurately so as to achieve greater results in pollution prevention and control. Enhancing the basic role of consumption in economic development and giving play to the key role of investment in optimizing the supply structure. Creating a new landscape in all-around opening up. In the course of development, we should improve the people's livelihood and safeguard the people's livelihood.
The meeting demanded that Party committees and governments at all levels should strengthen the "four consciousness", consciously safeguard the authority and centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, unify ideas and actions into the spirit of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Party, and unify them into the Party Central Committee's deployment of economic work next year. We should improve the working mechanism of executing, supervising, evaluating, rewarding and punishing the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee, carry out the main responsibility, and ensure the prohibition of orders and decrees. We should strengthen learning and practice, cultivate professional ability and promote professional spirit. We should vigorously develop the wind of investigation and research, identify shortcomings and solve practical problems. We should improve the mechanism of cadre assessment and evaluation, and support cadres in bold innovation and exploration. We should ensure that the work of the new term is stable and orderly, and that the general cadres are guided to establish a correct view of political achievements.
The meeting called on the whole Party and the whole country to unite closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core, to make progress, to work hard and to do a solid job in all aspects so as to ensure a good start in economic work next year.
Members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Secretary of the Secretariat of the Central Committee, relevant leading comrades of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, leading comrades of the State Council, President of the Supreme People's Court, Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, relevant leading comrades of the CPPCC National Committee and members of the Central Military Commission attended the meeting.
The principal party and government leaders of provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, cities listed separately under the plan and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, principal heads of relevant departments of central and state organs, principals of some enterprises and financial institutions under the central administration, and relevant leaders of the army and armed police forces attended the meeting.
Source: Financial Conference Information